| 
  • If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • Whenever you search in PBworks, Dokkio Sidebar (from the makers of PBworks) will run the same search in your Drive, Dropbox, OneDrive, Gmail, and Slack. Now you can find what you're looking for wherever it lives. Try Dokkio Sidebar for free.

View
 

Erechtheion

This version was saved 14 years, 2 months ago View current version     Page history
Saved by etdodds@...
on December 5, 2008 at 2:15:26 pm
 

Your names here: Emily Dodds and Jeremy McCormick

The Erechtheion was finished in 405 B.C.E. just before the fall of Athens to Sparta. It's located in Acropolis, Athens on the sight of a mythical contest said to have taken place between Poseidon, the sea god, and Athena. In this contest, Poseidon provided a salt-water well for the location by stabbing his trident into a rock, while Athena provided and olive tree and won the contest. The rock that Poseidon stabbed is now located in the North Porch of the Erechtheion. Some sources say that Mnesikles was the designer of the Erechtheion which is the second most important temple found on Acropolis during Pericles' building period. Built to conform on the slope of the hill, the Erechtheion had multiple functions including housing many shrines, like the wooden cult statue of Athena that was the center of the Panthenaic festival. This statue was placed inside the Erechtheion before the Persians attacked.  One area of the Erechtheion has a sacred spring dedicated to the Erechtheion, a legendary King of Athens. During Erehchtheion’s reign as king, Demeter was said to have helped the Athenians in the arts of growing crops and other vegetation.  The Erechtheion also contains a memorial to Kekrops, the legendary founder of Athens. Kekrops was said to be half man, half serpent and to have judged the battle between Athena and Poseidon.

 

porches on the north, south, and east sides, where you entered

 

     porch of maidens         

 

         most famous porch

 

          south side facing partheons

 

          simple doric capitols

 

          has caryatids

 

                weight is supported on one leg

 

               the other leg is bent at the knee and laid on the ball of the foot

 

                    gives a sense of relaxed grace and effortless

 

               three are standing on left while another three are on right

 

                    symetry and rythm

 

               vertical fall of draperey

 

               hair is loose but massive knot around the neck

 

                    makes it appear natural

 

 the north and east symbolize Ionic form

 

constructed using the Ionic order

 

     more complex and decorative than Doric

 

the columns come from base to end in volute capitals (spiral capitals)

 

west end of the south side

 

     six caryatides (female figures acting as columns)

 

     support the porch

 

the Erchtheion was built after Pericle's death and was part of the original desgin

 

The Erchtheion was to replace ethe Archaic Athena temple that had been razed by the Persians

 

it was built to the North of the remains was to be a composite shrine

 

Honored Athena and had some other shrines of larger gods that hads been important in the city's history

 

          Erchtheus, king of Athens

 

          Kekrops, another King

 

Erch built asymmetrical

 

     unique for a greek temple and compaired to the Doric Parthenons across the way

 

irregular for reflects the need to incorperate the tomb of Kekrops and other pre-existing shrines, trident mark, and olive tree into a single complex

 

the unknown builder had to work with the cury terrain

 

     couldnt terrace because it would affect the sacred sites

 

     each side is set on different ground levels and has different characters

 

has many decorative details

 

     frieze     

 

          given special care

 

          its a decorative horizon band as long as the upper part of a wall in a room

 

          it is made specially picked dark blue limestone of Eleusis to contrast with the white Pentelic marble of the walls and columns

 

          white relief figures where attached to ground

 

South Porch     

 

     caryatids replace ionic colomns

 

some sources say that Mnesikles desgined it. others say they dont know

 

second largest structure in acroplois

 

work began -230's ended in 405

 

 '

Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.