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This version was saved 14 years, 2 months ago View current version     Page history
Saved by etdodds@...
on December 5, 2008 at 2:15:26 pm

Your names here: Emily Dodds and Jeremy McCormick

The Erechtheion was finished in 405 B.C.E. just before the fall of Athens to Sparta. It's located in Acropolis, Athens on the sight of a mythical contest said to have taken place between Poseidon, the sea god, and Athena. In this contest, Poseidon provided a salt-water well for the location by stabbing his trident into a rock, while Athena provided and olive tree and won the contest. The rock that Poseidon stabbed is now located in the North Porch of the Erechtheion. Some sources say that Mnesikles was the designer of the Erechtheion which is the second most important temple found on Acropolis during Pericles' building period. Built to conform on the slope of the hill, the Erechtheion had multiple functions including housing many shrines, like the wooden cult statue of Athena that was the center of the Panthenaic festival. This statue was placed inside the Erechtheion before the Persians attacked.  One area of the Erechtheion has a sacred spring dedicated to the Erechtheion, a legendary King of Athens. During Erehchtheion’s reign as king, Demeter was said to have helped the Athenians in the arts of growing crops and other vegetation.  The Erechtheion also contains a memorial to Kekrops, the legendary founder of Athens. Kekrops was said to be half man, half serpent and to have judged the battle between Athena and Poseidon.


porches on the north, south, and east sides, where you entered


     porch of maidens         


         most famous porch


          south side facing partheons


          simple doric capitols


          has caryatids


                weight is supported on one leg


               the other leg is bent at the knee and laid on the ball of the foot


                    gives a sense of relaxed grace and effortless


               three are standing on left while another three are on right


                    symetry and rythm


               vertical fall of draperey


               hair is loose but massive knot around the neck


                    makes it appear natural


 the north and east symbolize Ionic form


constructed using the Ionic order


     more complex and decorative than Doric


the columns come from base to end in volute capitals (spiral capitals)


west end of the south side


     six caryatides (female figures acting as columns)


     support the porch


the Erchtheion was built after Pericle's death and was part of the original desgin


The Erchtheion was to replace ethe Archaic Athena temple that had been razed by the Persians


it was built to the North of the remains was to be a composite shrine


Honored Athena and had some other shrines of larger gods that hads been important in the city's history


          Erchtheus, king of Athens


          Kekrops, another King


Erch built asymmetrical


     unique for a greek temple and compaired to the Doric Parthenons across the way


irregular for reflects the need to incorperate the tomb of Kekrops and other pre-existing shrines, trident mark, and olive tree into a single complex


the unknown builder had to work with the cury terrain


     couldnt terrace because it would affect the sacred sites


     each side is set on different ground levels and has different characters


has many decorative details




          given special care


          its a decorative horizon band as long as the upper part of a wall in a room


          it is made specially picked dark blue limestone of Eleusis to contrast with the white Pentelic marble of the walls and columns


          white relief figures where attached to ground


South Porch     


     caryatids replace ionic colomns


some sources say that Mnesikles desgined it. others say they dont know


second largest structure in acroplois


work began -230's ended in 405



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