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Erechtheion

This version was saved 14 years, 2 months ago View current version     Page history
Saved by etdodds@...
on December 2, 2008 at 9:17:27 am
 

Your names here: Emily Dodds and Jeremy McCormick 156 in ART 1

Acropolis, Athens

430-405 B.C.E. ended just before the fall of Athens to Sparta

Mnesikles might ve the designer

second important temple found on acroplolis durring Pericles' building period

built to conform on the slope of the hill

mulitple functions

     housing many shrines

built on the site of the mythical contest between Poseidon (sea god) and Athena for patronage over athens

poseidon hit a rock with trident, making a salt-water spout

Athena gave an olive tree and won the contest

Atheneans inclosed the rock hit by Poseidon oin the north porch

One area has a sacred spring dedicated to Erchtheion, a legendary king of Athens

Durring Erchtheion's reign as king, Demeter was said to have helped the Athenians in the arts of growing crops and other veggitation

Contains a memorial to the legendary founder of Athens, Kekrops (half man and half serpant)

     judged the Athena/Poseiden battle--k

Housed a venerable wooden cult statue of Athena=center of the Panthenaic festival

     eventually relocated and placed inside the Erichtheon before teh Persians attacked

porches on the north, south, and east sides

     the north and east symbolize Ionic form

constructed using the Ionic order

     more complex and decorative than Doric

the columns come from base to end in volute capitals (spiral capitals) 

west end of the south side

     six caryatides (female figures acting as columns) 

     support the porch

the Erchtheion was built after Pericle's death and was part of the original desgin

The Erchtheion was to replace ethe Archaic Athena temple that had been razed by the Persians

it was built to the North of the remains was to be a composite shrine 

Honored Athena and had some other shrines of larger gods that hads been important in the city's history

          Erchtheus, king of Athens

          Kekrops, another King

Erch built asymmetrical

     unique for a greek temple and compaired to the Doric Parthenons across the way

irregular for reflects the need to incorperate the tomb of Kekrops and other pre-existing shrines, trident mark, and olive tree into a single complex

the unknown builder had to work with the cury terrain

     couldnt terrace because it would affect the sacred sites

     each side is set on different ground levels and has different characters

has many decorative details

     frieze      

          given special care

          its a decorative horizon band as long as the upper part of a wall in a room

          it is made specially picked dark blue limestone of Eleusis to contrast with the white Pentelic marble of the walls and columns

 

 

     

          

 

 

 

 

 

 

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