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Corinthian Architectural Order

Page history last edited by sbpetrick@... 12 years, 10 months ago

 

By Shea, Will, and Nick

 

 

Corinthian Order 

 

 The Corinthian Order evolved over time from the basic Doric and Ionic columns. The Ionic and Corinthian only vary in the capital. The shaft of the two are the exact same. The Corinthian Capital is referred to as the acanthus capital, which is Greek for hogweed. The Romans developed this capital because they wanted their own unique capital. 

 

[These are the parts

of a Corinthian column]

[http://intranet.grundel.nl/thinkquest/temples.html]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These simple columns laid the base and framework for the detailed and eccentric column that the corinthian order is. The corinthian capital is the most eccentric of the five column capitals. Two artists that were influencial in developing the corinthian columns as seen today were Praxiteles and Lysippos. These artists were alive in the 4th century. (Stokstad page 98)

 

                                                                                    

This is a Corinthian column as seen today. These types of columns are the most eccentric and detailed orders today. (Greek Architecture page 140) The oldest corinthian column is found at the Apollo Epicurius at Bassae. The corinthian capital is named after the city of Corinth. These columns are used most prevalently in Greece, but they can be found all over Europe and the Western Hemisphere today. Most Corinthian columns are depicted and sculpted as leaves of an acanthus plant peeling off of the column.(Boardman Page 123) Some of these columns have volutes above the leaves that resemble the capital of an ionic column showing the evolution from ionic to corinthian. 

 

 

[Corinthian Order]

[http://www.dummies.com/how-to/

content/greek-architecture-doric-ionic-or-corinthian.html]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

[The basilica in Esztergom uses Corinthian Columns to crown their capitals.]

 [http://flickr.com/photos/soylentgreen23/133705280]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          

 

 

 

Work Cited:

 

Boardman, John. The Oxford History of Classic Art. New York City: Oxford 

     University Press Inc. , 1993.

Lawrence, A. W. Greek Architecture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.

Stockstad, Marilyn. Art: A Brief History. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc., 

     2007. 

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